Athletes Foot

Athlete’s foot medically called Tinea Pedis is an inflammatory skin infection caused by a fungus called Trichophyton, it affects the sole and the skin between the toes and sometimes spread to the hands if not properly managed.

Because of its contagious nature, it can spread quickly by touching an infected part of the body or walking barefooted in gyms, swimming pools, public showers and toilets, contaminated surfaces, clothing, socks, and shoes.

Since these fungi, thrive in damp and warm condition, they are difficult to cure, and the risk of developing athlete’s foot becomes high among those who share shoes.

These following symptoms which might be experienced by infected persons include itching, stinging, and burning between the toes, the soles of the feet, blisters on the feet that itch cracking and peeling skin, dry skin, discolored, thick, and crumbly toenails, toenails that pull away from the nail bed.

The risk that the infection will spread from toe to toe is high, and it may develop a rash on the sides and the bottom of the feet if left untreated.

Over the counter medications and creams such as Miconazole nitrate cream and creams containing Miconazole are commonly recommended for athlete’s foot. Most times, athlete’s foot, symptoms are mild, and the patient does not need to see a doctor. It takes between 1-2 weeks for a mild infection to heal, but in severe conditions, it can take up to 8 weeks to obtain a clean skin.

Washing feet often with soap and water, soaking the feet in tea tree oil solution, salt water or diluted vinegar to clear up any blisters formed. Ensuring that the feet are completely dry after washing, in particular between the toes also wearing clean cotton socks.

To reduce the risk of developing athlete’s foot, it is advisable always to have clean and dry feet, shoes, and socks, follow a clean routine of washing the feet twice a day with water and soap. Ensure that areas between the toes are kept dry and, also applying (antifungal) talcum powder to the feet can help.

For athletes, it’s advised to remove one’s shoes as soon as exercise or sports session has ended. Ensure feet are dry before putting on socks, stockings, or tights.

Wear socks made from a material that draws moisture away from the feet, such as cotton, silk, or wool. Do not share footwear, regular washing of beddings and towels.


The concussion is a brain injury that leads to a disruption of brain function. Some of the symptoms of concussion are dizziness, headaches, memory problems or balance problems.

The losing consciousness occurs less than 10% of concussions. Loss of consciousness DOES Not NECESSARILY MEAN THAT Concussion HAS BEEN SUSTAINED but is a clear indication that a concussion is a likely suspect. Typical standard brain scans are necessary for a person with a concussion to determine the level of injury.

A concussion can result from a direct impact to the head, but can also occur when blows to other parts of the body cause rapid movement of the head.

Concussions can happen to anyone be they children and adults athletes alike. Though children are prone to a head injury and recovery period might take longer.

One or more of the following indicate a concussion, if these symptoms are repeatedly seen in a player, he should be place of therapy:

  • A headache or pressure in the head.
  • Seizure (fits), Grabbing or clutching of head
  • Dizziness, Loss of consciousness, lying motionless on ground
  • Mental clouding, feeling confused about their surrounding or the time of the day or feeling slowed down unsteady on feet or balance problems or falling over or poor coordination
  • Dazed, Drowsiness, difficulty in concentrating having a blank look, being more emotional or more irritable
  • Visual problems, feeling nauseous or vomiting, fatigue, sensitivity to light or noises

The following questions asked, and adults or adolescents help to either rule out a concussion or suspect it.

  • “What venue are we at today?”
  • “Which half of the game is it now?”
  • “Who scored last in this game?”
  • “What team did you play last week/game?”
  • “Did your team win the last match?”
  • What questions you ask children
  • “Where are we now?”
  • “Who scored last in this game?”
  • “What is the name of your coach?”

Any child, adolescent or adult player must be assessed and managed by health care professionals with experience in managing sports-related concussions and no further participation in activities should take place until the player is certified okay by a medical practitioner with experience in concussion management.

A player with a concussion or suspected concussion should be assessed medically immediately after their injury and before returning to contact training or playing.

Initial 24 hours of complete rest coupled with a minimum physical rest period of one week is required for adults before starting a Graduated Return to play program. Generally a Graduated Return to play program must be observed by victims once symptom-free.

Children or adolescents having a concussion or suspected concussion should be assessed medically immediately after their injury and before returning to contact training or playing. Initial 24 hours of complete rest required before starting a Graduated Return to play program.

According to the World rugby association, the table below should be a guide planning a return to play program from a victim


Fascia is the connective tissue that protects organs, providing support and holding parts together. It has the appearance of a fragile web like tissue connecting different layers of muscle and inner body cells. A healthy fascia is elastic due to many collagen fibers interlocking with each other.

Superficial Fascia, which linked with the skin;

Deep Fascia, associated with the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels; and

Visceral Fascia, correlated with the internal organs.

There are three primary capacities that the Fascia performs:

  • It holds the muscle tissue together and keeps it in the right place.
  • It isolates the muscles so they can work freely of each other.
  • It gives a greased up surface with the goal that the muscles can move smoothly against each other.

Necrotizing Fasciitis is a rare, severe bacterial disease that affects the tissue beneath the skin, and surrounding muscles and organs (fascia).  It can start from a minor cut, but gets worse very quickly and can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated early on.

Fascia & Plantar Fasciitis

When fascia becomes overstretched, it can begin to tear and cause the fibers to be misaligned and unable to pull and expand against each other frequently which leads to pain and swelling can occur in the areas of strain.

Nodular fasciitis, also known as nodular pseudosarcomatous fasciitis, is a benign soft tissue lesion most commonly found in the superficial fascia. The injury often occurs in the first three decades of life. Upper extremities and trunk are the most common affected anatomical site

The symptoms of fasciitis develop quickly over hours or days and may not be obvious at first due to its similarity to less dangerous conditions such as flu, cellulitis, and gastroenteritis.

  • small painful scratch or cut to the skin
  • Fever and other flu like symptoms
  • Firm swelling and redness in the painful area
  • Diarrhea, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, and confusion.
  • Dark spots on the skin that turn into fluid-filled blisters.
  • Stiffness and pain to the affected parts in the morning or after resting that gets better after a few steps but becomes severe during the day.
  • Pain when climbing the stairs or standing for long.
  • Engaging in Deep tissue massage, which is a type of massage aimed at the deeper tissue structures of the muscle and fascia or the connective tissue. It aims to release toxins from muscles by loosening the muscle tissues and ensuring proper blood and oxygen circulating properly in the body.
  • Taking TCM Medical Massage Tu ina can also serve as a way to preserve the fascia, of maintaining healthy body, treat deformities, and prevent accumulation of stress, disease and injury before they get to the chronic stage
  • Resting, reduce activities that make your foot hurt such as walking or running on hard surfaces.
  • Placing ice packs on your heel to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Exercises like toe stretch, towel stretches, or calf stretches, several times daily
  • Get a comfortable pair of shoes good arch support and a cushioned sole.
  • Immediately clean wounds with running water and pat them dry with a clean towel, and applying ointments.
  • Keep wounds safe by covering it with a sterile dressing (such as a plaster), and frequently changing the dressing if it gets wet or dirty to avoid infection.
  • Wash your hands regularly with alcohol-based soap and warm water.
Ligament Damage

The term ligament is derived from the Latin word ligare which means “to bind or tie’ can be described as the tough fiber rich tissue that connects two bones in any part of the body to form a joint. Only connotes that for a joint e.g. elbows, knee or hip joints to properly function there is the need for a healthy ligament.

Ligament damage is the failure of the ligament to hold joints in place to avoid friction. It occurs as a result of excessive stretching of the joint beyond the limit it can withstand which leads to a partly or fully torn ligament, in other words, called sprain, e.g. twisting and bad landing from a jump.


Ligaments damage mostly occur at the knee and ankle area due to weight-bearing responsibility the joints and the high level of stress with change of direction sports or full contact sports

  • Damage to the ligament otherwise referred to as Sprain is classified as follows occur in three (3) different
    • Grade l Ligament Damage: Mild ligament tear to a few collagen fibers which develops painfully inflamed section over the affected ligament
    • Grade 2 Ligament Damage: Moderate ligament damage to extensive number of collagen fibers which forms painfully sore section which visible swelling over the affected ligament
    • Grade 3 Ligament Damage: Severe damage to collagen fibers is such that there is a rupture of the ligament which produces swollen and painful joint may become unstable. This situation usually requires surgery to treat the injury or a combination of different kinds of massage and physiotherapy sections such as Tuina massagehot and cold therapy, Hydrotherapy, and Cryotherapy may be necessary to restore joint ligament stability.
  • Sudden pain and severe swelling.
  • Unstable Joint that quickly gives way.
  • Unable to walk or run.

Long-term outcome studies have shown that almost all patients with grade one and two ligament damage related injuries have returned to full pre-injury activities between 4 to 12 weeks.


Grade 3 ligament damage related injuries still allow an excellent return to pre-activity levels between 12 to 36 weeks. It is crucial to ensure ligament damage are diagnosed early on to avoid long term distress and potential permanent disfiguration of the affected body part.

  • Extreme damage to the ligaments may require a surgical operation; however, there are massage therapy’s and lifestyle adjustments that can help in treating these injuries.
    • We have Ice fast treatment for damaged ligaments, and it works as a natural anesthetic with the capacity to reduce swelling and internal bleeding. Hold the ice on the sore area for 15 minutes on the site and 15 minutes off. Do this throughout the day for two days as needed to keep your pain under control.
    • Reducing daily activity level on the affected part of the body, wrapping the Joint with bandage to compress and stabilize the joint and raising the injured part in an elevated position above your heart to further reduce inflammation.
    • Taking nutritional supplementation from food that contains anti-inflammatory properties to help speed up the healing process.

This is the term given to a skin infection caused by different types of fungi, and they are called Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton. It causes itchy, red, scaly patches that may blister. Often the patches have a sharply shaped ring with normal skin tone in the center with defined edges that are red around the outside.


The fungus that causes ringworm of the scalp lives in both humans and animals. The fungus can live in humans, animals, and in the soil. These fungi affect different parts of the body and cause various types of ringworm.

Ringworm spreads through the direct or indirect skin -to-skin contact with an infected person or pet. It can also get this infection from objects or surfaces that an infected person has touched, such as kimonos, belts, gym bags, shower rooms, and yoga mats, towels, etc.

  • Tinea Capitis: this kind of ringworm affects the scalp, it starts as small sores that develop into itchy, scaly bald patches and it mostly affects children.
  • Tinea Corporis: this type of ringworm affects the body, it often appears as patches that are round or ring like in shape.
  • Tinea Cruris:  the Jock itch, this refers to ringworm infection that affects the skin around the groin, inner thighs, and buttocks and it mostly affects men and adolescent boys.
  • Tinea Pedis: Athlete’s foot is the common name for ringworm infection of the foot. It frequently affects people who go barefoot in public places where the virus easily spread, such as public shower rooms, locker rooms, and swimming pools.

Tinea Capitis, ringworm of the scalp usually begins as a small pimple that becomes larger and larger, leaving scaly patches of temporary baldness.

Ringworm of the body appears like a flat circular spot anywhere on the body, especially skin areas around the groin. While the rash gradually expands, its center clears to produce a ring.

More than one patch might appear, and the spots can overlap each other it sometimes becomes itching. Tinea Pedis also called athlete’s foot looks like a scaling or cracking of the skin and within the toes.

Ringworm of the scalp appears within 10 to 14 days after contact, and ringworm of the skin appears within 4 to 10 days after contact, and it may take between 2 to 4 weeks for the infection to clear with medications and a change of life style.

The time between exposure and symptoms is not known for the other types of ring worm.

Using Apple Cider Vinegar or Tea Tree Essential Oil to clean the affected area, then apply any of the following oil with a soft massage Oregano Oil, Myrrh Essential Oil, Grapefruit Seed Extract, if you have sensitive skin, I suggest mixing the oil with water to dilute it.

  • Clothing that prevents irritation to the infected area or covering it with a bandage.
    Daily washing of beddings and clothes during an infection to help disinfect your surroundings
  • Maintaining clean and dry your skin regularly

Skin prescriptions may rid one’s skin of ringworm in two to four weeks. If you’re experiencing severe infection that is not responding to over-the-counter medicines or home therapy, your doctor may prescribe antifungal tablets to clear up the infection.

You can prevent ringworm by following healthy and sanitary behaviors. Many diseases come from contact with animals and lack of proper hygiene. Tips to avoid ringworm include:

  • Proper washing of the hands after interacting with an animal.
  • Cleaning and disinfecting clean pet living areas.
  • Those with the weak immune system should avoid people or animals with ringworm.
  • Keeping your feet clean, and always dry, and ensure you wear shoes if or when using public shower rooms.
  • Avoid sharing personal items like clothing, shoes, or hairbrushes with people who might have ringworm.
Cartilage (Meniscus)

Cartilage is a major component of the body which acts as a connective tissue that protects the ends of bones at the joints. It is the major component of the rib cage, the nose and ear, the intervertebral discs, the bronchial tubes, and many other body parts. Because of its cushion effect between the bones of joints this excellent rubbery tissue is relatively easy to damage.

The meniscus is the cartilage joins the thigh bone (femur), and kneecap (patella) and shinbone (tibia) which meet to form the knee join.

The wedge-shaped pieces of cartilage act as “shock absorbers” between your thighbone and shinbone.

There are different types of cartilage: hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, and elastic cartilage.Hyaline CartilageHyaline Cartilage is the most common type of cartilage, and in adulthood makes the articular surface of long bones, ribs, rings of the trachea and parts of the skull. Hyaline cartilage located on many joint surfaces. It has no nerves or blood vesselsFibro CartilageFibrous Cartilage tends to point towards dense tissue and ligament tissue.

White fibrocartilage is a mixture of white fibrous tissue and cartilage tissue in different proportions. Fibrocartilage found in the annulus fibrosus intervertebral discs, meniscus and mandibular temporal joint. It is the only type of cartilage containing the type I and II collagen.Elastic CartilageElastic cartilage contains a flexible web of fibers and collagen fibers. The main protein is elastin.

These fibers create packages that are under the microscope appear under dark color. They give a great flexibility of the elastic cartilage, to be able to resist the repetition of flexion. Elastic cartilage is the epiglottis (part of the larynx) and penne (outer feathers for the ears of many mammals, including humans).

Cartilage injuries occur in any part of the body where they are found such as the Hip, ankle and elbows, but for the purpose of this article our focus will be on Meniscus tear which affect the knee. We will be looking at different kinds of meniscus tear.

Meniscus damage occurs in several ways they are identified by its look, where the crack occurs in the meniscus. The tears include bucket handle tear, flap tear, radial tear, and degenerative tear.

Meniscus tears mostly occur during sporting activities. It only takes an athlete a good twist of the knee or squatting to cause damage to the meniscus.


Direct contact, like a tackle in sports like football or soccer, can also be a contributory factor. It may also occur due to wear and tear in line with advancement in age

  • Swollen stiff knee that is painful
  • A popping sound during the injury
  • Difficulty bending or swatting and straightening the leg
  • A tendency for your knee to get lock up
  • Restricted movement of the knee attain its full range of motion

Properly diagnosing knee injuries help to avert lifetime damage. It takes meniscus tear between six to eight weeks for it to heal with therapy, engaging in a therapy places the meniscus to further damage which might be irreparable.

  • Give the knee enough rest the knee and also limit all activities including walking if the knee is painful, if you must walk use a walking aid.


  • Engage in Tui Na massage to improve blood circulation, increase the range of motion, and nerve regulation. Tui Na massage plays a role in rehabilitation and is helpful in the treatment of cartilage, muscles, tendons, and ligaments issues.


  • Use ice on the knee to reduce pain and swelling. Do this daily for 15-20 minutes every 3-4 hours until the pain and swelling are gone.


  • Apply pressure on the knee using an elastic bandage to compress the knee to control the swelling.


  • Take stretching and knee strengthening exercises to help reduce stress on your knee. Also, avoid impact activities such as running and jumping.

A sprain happens when the tough bands of fibrous tissue called “ligament(s)” that joins the bones to each other get damaged due to excessive stretch or tear. This kind of injury mostly occurs to the ankles, wrists, and knees, and can be mild, moderate, or severe.

Depending on the degree of injury, the symptoms may vary, and below what to look out for when diagnosing a sprain injury include:

  • Pain at the affected joint
  • Bruises and swelling appearing in the area affected
  • Inability to move or lack of flexibility of the joint
  • You may hear a “pop sound” in your joint at the time of injury.
  • The sprain may occur when you overextend or tear a ligament unusually stressing beyond its capacity. It often occurs in the following actives:The ankle can be injured while walking or carrying out exercise activities on an uneven surfaceThe Knee can be injured while practicing a during an athletic activityLanding on the wrist during a fall
  • Healing time for a time for a sprain depends on the severity of the injury it may range from four weeks to six months with therapy while avoiding treatment for a sprain injury can render that particular joint useless

This treatment procedure works both on sprains and strains are the same. The aim is to control any pain, reduce any swelling, prevent further damage, and promote healing. Using the RICE acronym, treating strain injuries will be easy to remember


  • Rest as much as possible to reduce painful swelling, and discomfort
  • Ice packs should be applied every 15-20 minutes only at an interval of 2-3 hours for the first 48 hours after the injury. Anything after 20 minutes leaves your skin prone to frostbite.
  • Compression such as an air cast, elastic bandage, or splint to keep the joint supported and also, decrease swelling.
  • Elevation– You can use pillows to help raise the injured area so that it is higher than your heart.
  • There are things you can do to lower your risk of getting an injury such as a strain:
    • Daily exercise excluding day when you are tired or in pain
    • Do not go beyond your limits; ensure you stop if you cannot continue
    • Always engage in warm up stretches any sporting activity
    • Indulge in athletic shoes that are in great shape and fits properly
    • Replace worn out shoes
    • Always wear protective gears when playing sports such as field hockey
    • Avoid running on wet or uneven ground
    • Eat healthy food with the required daily nutrient intake to maintain active and healthy muscles

Strains happen when thick fibrous cords of tissue (or tendon) that links the bone to the muscle pull away from the bone as a result of excessive stretching or tearing.

If either one has completely torn away from the bone, it will be excruciating and sore when pressure is applied. The common locations for a muscle strain are the hamstring muscle in the back of your thigh and the lower back.

Depending on the degree of damage, the symptoms may vary, and below what to look out for when diagnosing a sprain injury include:

  • Pain at the affected joint
  • Bruises and swelling appearing in the area affected
  • Muscle spasms
  • Inability to move or lack of flexibility of the muscle
  • The strain may occur when the muscles stretch unusually far or abruptly. It often happens in the following ways:
    • Falling or slipping on ice, running, jumping or throwing.
    • Lifting a heavy object that weighs more than you do, or lifting loads in a bad lifting posture
    • Sporting actives that such as, Gymnastics, Tennis, Rowing, Golf that involves a lot of twisting and repetitive movements.

Early diagnosis and treatment of strains help to heal in about one week using ice packs and enough rest to decrease the swelling.

This treatment procedure works both on sprains and strains are the same. The aim is to control any pain, reduce any swelling, prevent further damage, and promote healing. Using the RICE acronym, treating strain injuries will be easy to remember


  • Rest as much as possible to reduce painful swelling, and discomfort
  • Ice packs should be applied every 15-20 minutes only at an interval of 2-3 hours for the first 48 hours after the injury. Anything after 20 minutes leaves your skin prone to frostbite.


  • Compression such as an air cast, elastic bandage, or splint to keep the joint supported and also, decrease swelling.


  • Elevation– You can use pillows to help raise the injured area so that it is higher than your heart.
  • There are things you can do to lower your risk of getting an injury such as a strain:
    • Frequently engage in body massages to help relieve the body of stress and tight muscles
    • Daily exercise excluding day when you are tired or in pain
    • Do not go beyond your limits; ensure you stop if you cannot continue
    • Always engage in warm up stretches any sporting activity
    • Avoid running on wet or uneven ground
    • Eat healthy food with the required daily nutrient intake to maintain active and healthy muscles

Swelling happens whenever the organs, skin, or other parts of your body enlarge as a result of an injury. Its results into inflammation or a buildup of fluid. Swelling occurs internally, or externally on the outer skin and muscles surfaces.

Signs of swelling may include:

Accumulated fluid in the injured area, nausea, itching, vomiting, flatulence, pain in the affected area, dizziness, fever, fatigue, insomnia, skin discoloration, flu-like symptoms.

  • Inflammation in your bones, tissues, or muscles due to cysts and tumors can result in swollen parts of the body. Fluid retention in the body is an internal condition which causes visible swelling.

Insect bites, rash, injury, pregnancy, fluid retention, during menstruation, hormonal changes, and infections.


Leading causes of extensive swelling due to serious illness include: Heart failure, kidney failure, severe allergic reaction, venomous insect bite, diabetic patients, Crohn’s disease, certain forms of cancer, or irritable bowel syndrome.

Using the RICE acronym, and other procedures listed below should help to reduce swelling.

Rest as much as possible to reduce painful swelling, and discomfort


Ice packs should be applied every 15-20 minutes only at an interval of 2-3 hours for the first 48 hours after the injury. Anything after 20 minutes leaves your skin prone to frostbite.


Compression such as an air cast, elastic bandage, or splint to keep the joint supported and also, decrease swelling.


  • Elevation– You can use pillows to help raise the injured area so that it is higher than your heart.
  • Take a Magnesium Supplement
  • Tonic Water Soak
  • Tu ina massage from an expert
  • Drink a lot of Water
  • Grapefruit Essential Oil and warm water massage on the affected area
  • Put Your Feet Up above your heart in the case of swollen feet
  • Use support stockings to restrict movement
  • Flaxseed Tea with lemon juice
  • Saline Soak
  • Engage in exercise and massage session

You may be able to avoid further swelling by properly managing your disease through TCM traditional Chinese medicine or Tu ina massage therapy session.When swelling occurs there is a tendency that any of the following health conditions or diseases are the cause.

  1. Allergies
  2. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
  3. Hives
  4. Black and Blue Marks from trauma
  5. Hypothyroidism
  6. Fracture
  7. Diabetic Nephropathy
  8. Chronic Kidney Disease
  9. Burns
  10. Bone Tumors
  11. Bone Infection (Osteomyelitis)
  12. Glomerulonephritis (Bright’s disease)
  13. Chemical Burns
  14. Acute Kidney Tubular Necrosis
  15. Osteosarcoma
  16. Cirrhosis
  17. Peripheral Vascular Disease
  18. Snake Bites
  19. Necrotizing Fasciitis (Soft Tissue Inflammation)
  20. Skull Fractures
  21. Frostbite
  22. Ankle Pain
  23. Hemorrhoids
  24. Broken Hip

When swelling is notice to repeatedly occur, it should be diagnosed to rule out diseases or illnesses.

Sprains and Strains


Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis virus. The condition may be self-limiting or may result into fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis or liver cancer. Hepatitis A virus is responsible for causing of hepatitis worldwide, but other infections, toxic substances (e.g., alcohol, recreational drugs, and prescription medications) and autoimmune diseases can also cause hepatitis.

  1. Hepatitis A Virus (HAV)

Hepatitis A disease caused by HAV virus is an acute viral hepatitis illness, it is highly infectious and can spread from person to person like other viral infections. Hepatitis A virus spread through the ingestion of food or water contaminated by human waste containing hepatitis A virus.

  1. Hepatitis B (HBV)

Hepatitis B can spread through sexual contact, blood transfusion or shared needles in drug abusers contaminated with infected blood, hemodialysis, and by infected mothers to their newborns. This virus can also spread through tattooing, body piercing, and shared razors and toothbrushes (if there is contamination with infected blood).


  1. Hepatitis C (HCV)

Hepatitis C (HCV) previously referred to as “non-A, non-B hepatitis,” because the causative virus was unknown. There have been reported cases of transmission of the virus through sexual contact though minimal in number. An estimate of 50% to 70% of patients with acute HCV infection develop chronic infection, and they also act as carriers of the virus and can continue to infect others. There is an estimate of about 3.2 million people with chronic HCV infection in the U.S alone.

  • There is a high probability you might have hepatitis and not realize it at first. In some cases, victims show no sign or symptoms associated with the virus and other instances the situation had been wrongly diagnosed since the disease shares some of the same signs as the flu.A blood test is required when there is a frequent experience of the symptoms below:lack of appetite,  dark urine, mild fever, fatigue, Muscle or joint aches, nausea and vomiting, stomach pain,  light-colored stools, Jaundice, Itchy feeling, Mental changes, such as stupor (being in a daze) or coma, Bleeding inside your body.
  • There are different treatment options for of acute viral hepatitis and chronic viral hepatitis. Treatment of acute viral hepatitis involves resting, relieving symptoms and maintaining an adequate intake of fluids.Treatment of chronic viral hepatitis involves only medications or a combination of different drugs to eradicate the virus and measures are taken to prevent further liver damage.It is of great importance to carry out blood test in health cases where hepatitis is suspected to have the right diagnosis and the right treatment.

A viral infection that primarily infects the mouth and the genital
area. It is transmitted through body fluid on skin lesions or rash
around the lips, mouth, and gums. It forms blisters vesicles filled
with clear yellowish fluid, on a raised, red, painful skin area.

Herpes virus spreads through skin contact with an infected person;
this virus travels through tiny breaks in the skin or moist areas into
the body.

Once an individual gets infected with the herpes virus, it’s a life
time infection because it has no permanent cure. It takes about eight
days for the sores appear in the case of primary infection and can
last up to 20 days for it to clear after treatment.

In a reoccurring situation treatment last within 8 to 10 days with
mild reactions. It’s taught that once these sores are visible a visit
to the physician is necessary.

Once infected the tendency to constantly have outbreaks is high due to
the dormant nature of the virus, but this can be managed by living
stress-free life and ensuring that our body’s immune system is always
at its best.

The following are general symptoms usually experienced during herpes outbreaks;

  • Fever, Sore throat, fluid-filled blisters around the lips.
  • Headaches, muscle aches, Swollen lymph nodes in neck, and
    lymph glands in the groin
  • Tingling sensation in the buttocks, genital areas, and thighs
  • Small red blisters or open sores on female genitals or inner thighs, and vaginal discharge
  • Painful urination
  • 1.      Herpes simplex virus 1: causes recurrent fever blisters also
    called “cold sores.” It is also the primary cause of inflammation of
    the brain, inflammation of the gums and mucous lining of the mouth,
    and severe dryness of the eye that involves the cornea.2.      Herpes simplex virus 2: causes genital herpes, it infects the
    mucous lining of the internal anatomy of the genitalia. The symptoms
    range from fever, malaise, and painful urination.3.      Varicella – Zoster Virus: Also called the chicken pox,
    varicella Zoster is the milder form of the herpes virus, and it mostly
    affects children. In adults, it occurs as shingles and is usually more
    severe in immune-compromised adults.4.      The Cytomegalovirus: This systemic infection found in the
    lungs, liver, esophagus, colon, kidneys, monocytes and lymphocytes. It
    has an incubation period about 4 to 8 weeks, and it can be shed for
    months to years after the primary infection. There is a tendency for
    this virus to be transmitted to the fetus in the uterus of the mother,
    and it has an active infection regardless of whether or not it is a
    primary infection or reactivation.5.      Epstein – Barr Virus: This virus targets the B lymphocyte
    cell, these infected cells then mature in the bone marrow, and its
    incubation period is within 30 to 50 days, living the patients with
    enlarged lymph nodes, spleens. It symptoms ranges with in a low-grade
    fever, malaise, sore throat, fatigue, and headache. This fever and
    malaise can linger for months after the initial infection has treated.6.      Herpes Virus: medically identified in 1987   is responsible
    for the disease called the Roseola Infantum, it mostly affects
    children and is most commonly found in the saliva.

7.       Herpes Virus 7: This virus occurs in later childhood, it has
a slight resemblance to the Herpes Virus 6 since it’s also permanently
resident in the salivary glands.

8.       Herpes Virus 8: This virus is the cause of the vascular
growth tumors sometimes (Kaposi Sarcoma), or KSHV. This virus can be
transmitted sexually, blood transfusion or organ transplants or
vertically (from mother to child during and after pregnancy).

HSV 1 is transmitted through the saliva when kissing someone who has
the virus, sharing personal, sharp items or sharing eating utensils,
having oral sex or touching any open sores on an infected person. HSV
2 is transmitted through vaginal or anal sex with someone who has the

Everyone is at risk of contracting the HSV 1 herpes virus at a point
in our life due while sexually active individuals especially those who
have multiple partners are at risk catching the HSV 2 genital herpes.

·         Do touch or kiss people with visible sores.

·         Stop sharing personal items and sharp objects.

·         Frequently wash your hands after touch an infected part or item.

·         Limit constant touching your eyes and genitals when infected
with HSV 1 to avoid graduating it to HSV 2.

·         Abstain from sex if your partner experiences an outbreak and
also do not engage oral sex.

·         Reduce stress so as not to aggravate the breakout.

  • Herpes virus does not have a permanent cure, so basically what the
    treatment does is to reduce the number of outbreaks and to relieve the
    victim from the pain associated with an epidemic.Cold sores which characterize HSV 1 go away by themselves within 2 to
    3 weeks; however, they can last for up to 6 weeks.·         Nutrient and supplements to help boost the immune system.·         Using herbs such as lemon balm or aloe vera to heal blisters·         Join support groups to help alleviate depression that may
    arise due to less contact with people·         Use relaxation techniques like yoga to help calm the mind
ICE vs. HEAT Therapy

The use of hot or cold water for therapeutic effects is hydrotherapy.
Heat therapy is used to enhance relaxation, treat chronic injuries and
pain, and to help prepare for an activity; while Ice therapy is used
to decrease swelling, relieve pain, and treat injuries.

Cryotherapy is the application of ice to any part of the body for a therapeutic effect.  Ice is placed on an injured or painful area or injury.

It is particularly useful when there is swelling or inflammation.

The use of heat on a particular area of the body to relieve stress and
boost the flow of blood within the area.  Moist heat is best because
it penetrates further into the tissue.

Heat works best on chronic injuries and repetitive stress injuries as
long as there is no inflammation·

Plantar Fasciitis:

  • Use heat on feet before walking or getting out of bed.  It helps to warm up the tissue and decreases pain.
  • Use heat on an area of chronic pain or injury before an activity to help prepare the muscles for activity.
  • Use on stiff, tight muscles

Heat and massage therapy offers a whole lot of the same advantages,
and while used together, they’ll boom each other’s benefits. Those
seeking the relaxing results of these conjunctive cures may
additionally opt for warm stone massages, get a shoulder rub before a
hot bathtub or use heated rub down pads.

Increase flexibility

A take a look at published in the Journal of Orthopedics, and Sports
Physical Therapy evaluated how correctly applied heat therapy and
stretching helps to improve flexibility.

Researchers measured the range-of-movement outcomes after they treated
volunteers totally with heat, stretching on its own and an aggregate
of heat and stretching.

These findings illustrate Heat’s strength when combined with any other
therapy works to loosen these taut tendons and fascia planes.

Enhance blood go with the flow

As indicated by the American Heart Association, the blood conveys
oxygen to every part of the body. On the off chance that your
circulatory framework doesn’t play out this procedure adequately, you
end up noticeably denied of essential nutrients the body needs and it
may lead pain in the muscle nerve and tissue damage.

The University of Rochester Medical Center researchers explained that
heat remedy expands the vessels, permitting blood to be extra without
problems moving through the veins.

Heat therapy is perfect for treating continual situations like
arthritis, or long-term accidents so that oxygen level increases
enough to heal damaged tissues. Massage therapy comparable boosts

The University of Illinois researchers at Chicago, they discovered
that massage therapy using heat changes the way blood vessels work on
a regular level at the site of the muscle injury and also improves
overall blood flow.

It promotes relaxation

Anyone who has had a massage session such as the Tu ina massage knows
that this therapy is perfect for unwinding and restoring a tension
filled mind to rest. Heat presents the same blessings. In truth, the
Outreach Services of Indiana mentioned warmth remedy as an endorsed
comfort measure for palliative care packages.